Tooth extractions are normally not a recommended solution to address an oral health issue. As much as possible, all other options are being exhausted in order to save a damaged tooth. However, no matter how much you want to save your teeth and be able to keep them for a lifetime, there are certain uncontrollable situations that would really require a tooth to be removed.
If a tooth has been severely damaged, and it cannot be repaired nor restored anymore, then it needs to be extracted. Other reasons for tooth extraction include the following but are not limited to:
- A crowded mouth – there are times when a tooth needs to be removed to prepare a patient for an orthodontic treatment. Orthodontics aims to align crooked and misaligned teeth and most of the time these conditions are a result of an overcrowded mouth. In order to move the teeth into their proper position, an extraction needs to be done. An x-ray is normally taken so that the orthodontist will be able to identify the tooth that needs to be removed.
- Infection – Severe infection and damage can also be a reason for tooth extraction. Root canal treatment can be an effective solution to restore an infected tooth, however if it is extremely damaged, there are times when it cannot be saved anymore by any dental solution, not even a root canal treatment. And in order to stop the spread of bacteria and infection, an extraction may be needed.
- Periodontal disease – gum and periodontal diseases can cause the bone structures to be damaged due to the spread of bacteria and when this happens, the tooth loosens and also gets infected. In order to prevent the other teeth from getting infected, an extraction is sometimes necessary.
- Risk of infection – a tooth may also be removed to reduce your risk of infections especially when your immune system is compromised
- More space for the permanent tooth – there are times when the milk tooth does not fall out right away to give way for the growth of the permanent tooth, and when this happens, the milk tooth has to be pulled out.
- Wisdom tooth extractions – wisdom teeth typically come out when a person is in her early 20’s or late teens. When wisdom teeth are impacted, they are at risk for decay and damage and this is why they need to be removed. If they get stuck in the gums and unable to come out, it can result in pain and gum swelling.
How is tooth extraction performed?
Before performing any tooth extraction, the dentist will first perform a full examination of your mouth and teeth and will also review your medical history to gather more information on your oral conditions. If necessary, an x-ray may also be taken so as to give the dentist the full visibility on the accurate length, shape and position of the tooth to be extracted, as well as the surrounding bones. This will help the dentist assess how difficult the procedure can be and consider if there is a need for an oral surgeon.
So that you will not be experiencing any pain, an anesthesia will be administered. A local anesthetic will be used to numb the area of your mouth where the tooth will be removed. Once you confirm that you already feel numbness, the dentist will begin to loosen your tooth with the use of the forceps and then will extract it from your gums. After the extraction, the dentist will use a stitch to close the area.
What are the types of extraction?
- Simple extraction. This is performed to remove the tooth that is just visible in the mouth.
- Surgical extraction. This is the one that is more complicated and complex to perform and is only done when the tooth has not come out of the gum yet just like the wisdom tooth or has broken off at the gum line.
Regardless of the type of extraction, it is important to keep the mouth clean in order to avoid infection. If there should be any discomfort, it should not last longer than 3 days.
If you need more information on tooth extractions, call RA Dental Studio at (770) 203-0286, or visit us at 2513 Shallowford Rd. BLDG 100, Marietta GA, 30066.